Shriman Narayaneeyam

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Dashaka 86

साल्वो भैष्मीविवाहे यदुबलविजितश्चन्द्रचूडाद्विमानं
विन्दन् सौभं स मायी त्वयि वसति कुरुंस्त्वत्पुरीमभ्यभाङ्क्षीत् ।
प्रद्युम्नस्तं निरुन्धन्निखिलयदुभटैर्न्यग्रहीदुग्रवीर्यं
तस्यामात्यं द्युमन्तं व्यजनि च समर: सप्तविंशत्यहान्त: ॥१॥

साल्व: भैष्मी-विवाहे Saalva, in Rukmini's wedding
यदु-बल-विजित:- by the Yaadava army conquered
चन्द्रचूडात्-विमानं from Shankara the aerial car
विन्दन् सौभं getting the Saubha
स मायी त्वयि that ellusive one, when Thou
वसति कुरून्- were in Kuru's city (Indraprastha)
त्वत्-पुरीम्-अभ्यभाङ्क्षीत् Thy city (Dwaarikaa) attacked
प्रद्युम्न:-तं Pradyumna, him
निरुन्धन्- resisting
निखिल-यदु-भटै:- with the entire Yadu army
न्यग्रहीत्-उग्र-वीर्यं killed very powerful
तस्य-आमात्यं द्युमन्तं his minister Dyumanta
व्यजनि च समर: and the battle lasted
सप्त-विंशति-अहान्त: twenty seven days

Saalva of magical merits, who was defeated by the Yaadava army at the time of Rukmini's abduction, got Saubh the aerial car as a boon from Shivaa.When Thou were residing in the city of the Kurus, Indraprastha, Saalva attacked Thy city Dwaarika. Pradyumna resisted him heading the entire army of the Yaadavas, and killed his powerful minister Dyumanta. This battle lasted for 27 days.

तावत्त्वं रामशाली त्वरितमुपगत: खण्डितप्रायसैन्यं
सौभेशं तं न्यरुन्धा: स च किल गदया शार्ङ्गमभ्रंशयत्ते ।
मायातातं व्यहिंसीदपि तव पुरतस्तत्त्वयापि क्षणार्धं
नाज्ञायीत्याहुरेके तदिदमवमतं व्यास एव न्यषेधीत् ॥२॥

तावत्-त्वम् रामशाली then Thou with Balaraam
त्वरितम्-उपगत: quickly reaching
खण्डित-प्राय-सैन्यं almost destroying army
सौभेशं तं न्यरुन्धा: the owner of Saubh, him, confronted
स च किल गदया and he indeed with his mace
शार्ङ्गम्-अभ्रंशयत्-ते Sharanga knocked down, Thine
माया-तातं created by magic, father
व्यहिंसीत्-अपि killed also
तव-पुरत:-तत्-त्वया-अपि in front of Thee, that by Thee also
क्षणार्धं न-अज्ञायि-इति for a second was not understood
आहु:-एके तत्-इदम्-अवयतं say some that, this difference of opinion
व्यास एव न्यषेधीत् Vyaas himself refuted

Along with Balaraam Thou quickly reached Dwaarika and confronted Saalva the owner of the aerial car Saubha whose army was almost destroyed. He knocked down Thy bow Shaaranga with a stroke of his mace. He even killed the likeness of Thy father which he had created by his magical abilities. Some say that even Thou were for a moment decieved by this illusion. But sage Vyaas has refuted this opinion.

क्षिप्त्वा सौभं गदाचूर्णितमुदकनिधौ मङ्क्षु साल्वेऽपि चक्रे-
णोत्कृत्ते दन्तवक्त्र: प्रसभमभिपतन्नभ्यमुञ्चद्गदां ते ।
कौमोदक्या हतोऽसावपि सुकृतनिधिश्चैद्यवत्प्रापदैक्यं
सर्वेषामेष पूर्वं त्वयि धृतमनसां मोक्षणार्थोऽवतार: ॥३॥

क्षिप्त्वा सौभं
गदा-चूर्णितम्- throwing Saubha
उदकनिधौ मङ्क्षु by the mace smashed to powder
साल्वे-अपि-चक्रेण- in the ocean, immediately
उत्कृत्ते दन्तवक्त्र: (when) Saalva also by (Sudarshana discus)
प्रसभम्-अभिपतन्- was cut off, Dantavaktra
अभ्यमुञ्चत्-गदां ते violently attacking
क्मोदक्या hitting with the mace, Thee
हत:-असौ-अपि by Kaumudaki
सुकृति-निधि:- killed he also
चैद्य-वत्-प्रापत्--ऐक्यं the good deeds repository
सर्वेषाम्-एष like Chedi attained union
पूर्वं त्वयि धृत-मनसां for all, this
मोक्षण-अर्थ:-अवतार: from long in Thee had fixed their minds

The aerial car Saubha was smashed to pieces with a mace and thrown into the sea, Saalva's head was also cut off by Thy Sudershana discus. Dantavaktra then attacked Thee violently and hit Thee with his mace, thereupon Thou killed him, the repository of good deeds, with Thy mace Kaumodaki. He was fortunate like Shishupal (Chedi) and others who had attained union with Thee. The purpose of this incarnation of Thee was to give liberation to all those who had for long fixed their minds on Thee.

त्वय्यायातेऽथ जाते किल कुरुसदसि द्यूतके संयताया:
क्रन्दन्त्या याज्ञसेन्या: सकरुणमकृथाश्चेलमालामनन्ताम् ।
अन्नान्तप्राप्तशर्वांशजमुनिचकितद्रौपदीचिन्तितोऽथ
प्राप्त: शाकान्नमश्नन् मुनिगणमकृथास्तृप्तिमन्तं वनान्ते ॥४॥

त्वयि-आयाते-अथ
जाते किल कुरुसदसि (when) Thou went back (to Dwaarika)
द्यूतके संयताया: took place indeed (then) in the Kuru assembly
क्रन्दन्त्या याज्ञसेन्या: in the (fraudulent) game of dice was dragged
सकरुणम्-अकृथा:- crying Draupadi
चेल-मालाम्-अनन्ताम् piteously, Thou did
अन्न-अन्त-प्राप्त- her clothing of length endless
शर्वांशज-मुनि- (after) the food was over, arriving
चकित्-द्रौपदी- by a part of Shankara (born), Muni (Durwaasaa)
चिन्तित:-अथ प्राप्त: by frightened Draupadi
शाक-अन्नम्-अश्नन् being thought of Thee, then, reaching there
मुनिगणम्-अकृथा:- some leafy vegetable (left over) eating
त्प्तिम्-अन्तम् वनान्ते the sage and his men made

After Thy return to Dwaarikaa, a fraudulent game of dice took place in the assembly of the Kurus. Draupadi was dragged there by her hair. Piteously and helplessly crying she prayed to Thee. With compassion Thou endowed her with endless length of clothing. Further, when living in the forest, Draupadi was very frightened because sage Durvaasaa had come there with his people when the food was over. Draupadi again thought of Thee and Thou came to her rescue and ate a bit of the left over leafy vegetable and thereby satiated fully the hunger of the sage and his retinue.

युद्धोद्योगेऽथ मन्त्रे मिलति सति वृत: फल्गुनेन त्वमेक:
कौरव्ये दत्तसैन्य: करिपुरमगमो दूत्यकृत् पाण्डवार्थम् ।
भीष्मद्रोणादिमान्ये तव खलु वचने धिक्कृते कौरवेण
व्यावृण्वन् विश्वरूपं मुनिसदसि पुरीं क्षोभयित्वागतोऽभू: ॥५॥

युद्ध-उद्योगे-अथ
मन्त्रे मिलति सति for the was preparations, then
वृत: फल्गुनेन त्वम्-एक: stategies were being made
कौरव्ये दत्त-सैन्य: desired by Arjun Thou alone
करिपुरम्-अगम: to Duryodhana gave the army
दूत्य-कृत् पाण्डव-अर्थम् to Hastinaapur went
भीष्म-द्रोण-आदि-मान्ये in the role of a messanger for the Paandavas
तव खलु वचने by Bhishma Drona and others (Thou) being honoured
धिक्कृते कौरवेण (by) Thy indeed by words
व्यावृण्वन् विश्वरूपं rejected by Duryodhana
मुनि-सदसि revealing the Cosmic form
पुरीं क्षोभयित्वा- in the sage's assembly
गत:-अभू: the city shaking went away

As the preparations of the war were on and strategies were decided, Arjuna asked Thee alone to be on his side. Agreeing to that, Thou gave Thy army to Duryodhana. Taking on the role of a messanger of the Pandavas, Thou went to Hastinaapur. Indeed Thy words were honoured by Bhishma, Drona and others but Duryodhana rejected them altogether. Revealing Thy Cosmic form in the assembly of the sages Thou shook up the entire Hastinaapur and returned to Dwaarikaa.

जिष्णोस्त्वं कृष्ण सूत: खलु समरमुखे बन्धुघाते दयालुं
खिन्नं तं वीक्ष्य वीरं किमिदमयि सखे नित्य एकोऽयमात्मा ।
को वध्य: कोऽत्र हन्ता तदिह वधभियं प्रोज्झ्य मय्यर्पितात्मा
धर्म्यं युद्धं चरेति प्रकृतिमनयथा दर्शयन् विश्वरूपम् ॥६॥

जिष्णो:-त्वं
कृष्ण सूत: खलु of Arjun Thou
समर-मुखे O Krishna! Charioteer indeed
बन्धु-घाते दयालुं in the face of the battle
खिन्नं तं वीक्ष्य वीरं in the relations' killing ptiful
किम्-इदम्-अयि सखे saddened him, seeing that warrior
नित्य:-एक:-अयम्-आत्मा what is this O friend!
क: वध्य: eternal and one this Aatmaa (self) is
क:-अत्र हन्ता who is the slain
तत्-इह who here is the slayer
वध-भियं प्रोज्झ्य so here
मयि-अर्पित-आत्मा the killing fear giving up
धर्म्यम् युद्धं चर-इति in me surrendering yourself
प्रकृतिम्-अनयथा: the righteous war carry out
दर्शयन् विश्वरूपम् to a balanced state of mind (thus) brought (him)

In Thy role as Arjuna's charioteer, Thou saw the warrior sad and dejected in the face of the war, with the pitiful thought of having to kill his relations and his own people. Thou said to him 'O Friend! What is this? Aatman is eternal and only one. Who is the slain and who is the slayer here? Therefore giving up all fear of killing, surrender yourself to Me and carry out this righteous war.' By saying so and showing him Thy cosmic form, Thou brought Arjuna back to a balanced state of mind.

भक्तोत्तंसेऽथ भीष्मे तव धरणिभरक्षेपकृत्यैकसक्ते
नित्यं नित्यं विभिन्दत्ययुतसमधिकं प्राप्तसादे च पार्थे ।
निश्शस्त्रत्वप्रतिज्ञां विजहदरिवरं धारयन् क्रोधशाली-
वाधावन् प्राञ्जलिं तं नतशिरसमथो वीक्ष्य मोदादपागा: ॥७॥

भक्त-उत्तंसे-अथ भीष्मे
तव धरणि-भर-क्षेप- the leading devotee, then, Bheeshma
कृत्ये-एक-सक्ते Thy (purpose of) the earth's burden reducing
नित्यं नित्यं विभिन्दति- in fulfilling alone engaged
अयुत-सम-अधिकं everyday destroying
प्राप्त-सादे च पार्थे ten thousand about or more
निश्शस्त्रत्व-प्रतिज्ञां and coming to exhaustion of Arjuna,
विजहत्-अरिवरं not taking up arms, the vow
धारयन् क्रोधशाली- discarding, the great discus
इव-अधावन् holding, in anger
प्राञ्जलिं तं as if running
नतशिरसम्-अथ with joined hands him
वीक्ष्य मोदात्-अपागा: (and) bowed head then

Bhishma, one of the leading devotees was intent on helping in fulfilling Thy purpose of reducing the burden of the earth, and was killing almost 10,000 warriors everyday. Arjuna had become very exhausted in resisting Bheeshma. Forgetting Thy vow of not taking up arms in the war, Thou rushed towards Bheeshma with Thy great discus in hand as though in great anger. Bheeshma stood with folded hands and bent down his head as Thou approached him. Seeing him thus Thou were full of joy and desisted from attacking him.

युद्धे द्रोणस्य हस्तिस्थिररणभगदत्तेरितं वैष्णवास्त्रं
वक्षस्याधत्त चक्रस्थगितरविमहा: प्रार्दयत्सिन्धुराजम् ।
नागास्त्रे कर्णमुक्ते क्षितिमवनमयन् केवलं कृत्तमौलिं
तत्रे त्रापि पार्थं किमिव नहि भवान् पाण्डवानामकार्षीत् ॥८॥

युद्धे द्रोणस्य
हस्ति-स्थिर- in the fight with Drona
रण-भगदत्त-ईरितं on an elephant firmly seated
वैष्णव-अस्त्रं the fighting Bhagadatta discharged
वक्षसि-आधत्त the Vaishnava (Naaraayana) missile
चक्र-स्थगित- on (Thy) chest took
रवि-महा: in (Thy) Sudarshana discusshiding
प्रार्दयत्-सिन्धुराजं the sun's rays
नाग-अस्त्रे कर्ण-मुक्ते got killed Jayadratha
क्षितिम्-अवनमयन् the Naaga missile discharged by Karna
केवलं कृत्त-मौलिं the earth, by lowering it down
तत्रे तत्र-अपि पार्थं only was cut off the crown
किम्-इव नहि भवान् saved there also was Arjuna
पाण्डवानाम्-अकार्षीत् what all did not Thou

When the fight with Drona was going on Bhagadatta who was firmly seated on an elephant discharged the Vaishnava missile which Thou attracted towards Thy own chest and saved Arjuna. Arjuna was able to kill Jayadratha when Thy Sudarshana discus hid the rays of the sun. Again when Karna discharged the Naaga missile towards Arjuna, Thou lowered the earth by the pressure of Thy toe, so that only Arjun's crown got cut off and Arjuna was saved here also. What all did Thou not do for the benefit of the Paandavas.

युद्धादौ तीर्थगामी स खलु हलधरो नैमिशक्षेत्रमृच्छ-
न्नप्रत्युत्थायिसूतक्षयकृदथ सुतं तत्पदे कल्पयित्वा ।
यज्ञघ्नं वल्कलं पर्वणि परिदलयन् स्नाततीर्थो रणान्ते
सम्प्राप्तो भीमदुर्योधनरणमशमं वीक्ष्य यात: पुरीं ते ॥९॥

युद्ध-आदौ तीर्थ-गामी
स खलु हलधर: at the beginning 0f the battle, going for pilgrimage
नैमिश-क्षेत्रम्-ऋच्छन्- that indeed Balaraama
अप्रत्युत्थायि-सूत- the Naimishyaaranya area covering
क्षय-कृत्-अथ who had not stood up in respect, that Suta
सुतं तत्-पदे killing then
कल्पयित्वा his son on his seat
यज्ञघ्नं वल्कलं installing
पर्वणि परिदलयन् the destroyer of the Yangyas, Valkala (an Asura)
स्नात-तीर्थ: during the full moon and new moon days, killing
रण-अन्ते सम्प्राप्त: completing the pilgrimage
भीम-दुर्योधन-रणम्- towards the end of the war returning
अशमं वीक्ष्य यात: the Bheema and Duryodhana fight
पुरीं ते prolonged, seeing went away

Just when the war was to begin Balaraama had gone away on a pilgrimage. He first covered the holy area of Naimishaaranya. Then he killed Suta for not having got up to honour him and installed his son in his place. Then he destroyed the Asura Valkala, who used to destroy the Yagnyas carried out on the full moon and new moon days. Completing his pilgrimage he returned to Kurukshetra. There when he saw the prolonged fight between Bheema and Duryodhana, he went away to Thy city of Dwaarika.

संसुप्तद्रौपदेयक्षपणहतधियं द्रौणिमेत्य त्वदुक्त्या
तन्मुक्तं ब्राह्ममस्त्रं समहृत विजयो मौलिरत्नं च जह्रे ।
उच्छित्यै पाण्डवानां पुनरपि च विशत्युत्तरागर्भमस्त्रे
रक्षन्नङ्गुष्ठमात्र: किल जठरमगाश्चक्रपाणिर्विभो त्वम् ॥१०॥

संसुप्त-द्रौपदेय
क्षपण-हत-धियं deep in sleep, the sons of Draupadi
द्रौणिम्-एत्य having killed, the evil minded
त्वत्-उक्त्या Drona's son (Ashwatthaamaa) approaching
तत्-मुक्तं ब्राह्मम्-अस्त्रं by Thy saying
समहृत विजय: discharged by him the Brahamaastra
मौलिरत्नम् च जह्रे retracted Arjuna
उच्छितै पाण्डवानां and clipped off his crest jewel
पुन;-अपि च to cut off the line of Paandavas
विशति-उत्तरा-गर्भम्- and again also
अस्त्रे रक्षन्- entering Uttaaraa's womb
अङ्गुष्ठ-मात्र: किल by the weapon protecting
जठरम्-अगा:- thumb sized merely indeed
चक्रपाणि:-विभो त्वम् in her womb Thou went

Drona's son, the evil minded Ashwatthaamaa had killed the sons of Draupadi when they were fast asleep. On Thy command Arjuna approached him and retracted the Brahmaastra discharged by him and clipped off his crest jewel.To cut off the line of the Paandavas, Ashwatthaamaa again sent the weapon into Uttara's womb to kill the foetus in there. To protect the foetus Thou entered her womb in the size of a thumb with Thy Sudarshana discus in hand.

धर्मौघं धर्मसूनोरभिदधदखिलं छन्दमृत्युस्स भीष्म-
स्त्वां पश्यन् भक्तिभूम्नैव हि सपदि ययौ निष्कलब्रह्मभूयम् ।
संयाज्याथाश्वमेधैस्त्रिभिरतिमहितैर्धर्मजं पूर्णकामं
स्म्प्राप्तो द्वरकां त्वं पवनपुरपते पाहि मां सर्वरोगात् ॥११॥

धर्मौघं धर्मसूनो:-
अभिदधत्-अखिलं the great Dharms to Yudhishthira
छन्द-मृत्यु:-स भीष्म:- teaching in totality
त्वां पश्यन् moment of death, who could decide, he BheeShma
भक्ति-भूम्ना-एव हि Thee seeing
सपदि ययौ by the devotional intensity alone
निष्कल-ब्रह्म-भूयम् soon attained to unddivisible Brahma state
संयाज्य-अथ- accomplishing then
अश्व-मेधै:-त्रिभि:- Ashwamedha three
अति-महितै:- very great Yangysa
धर्मजं पूर्णकामं Yudhishthira was fulilled of aspirations
सम्प्राप्त: द्वारकां त्वं returned to Dwaarikaa Thou
पवनपुरपते O Lord of Guruvaayur!
पाहि मां सर्वरोगात् save me from all diseases

The entire great Dharmas were taught to Yudhishthira by Bheeshm who could decide the moment of his death. On seeing Thee, by his devotional intensity alone he attained the undivisible state of Brahman. Thou enabled Yudhishthira to perform three great Ashwamedha Yangyas by which all his aspirations were fulfilled. Then Thou returned to Dwaarikaa. O Lord of Guruvaayur! save me from all diseases.

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